The Nagas

Hill Peoples of Northeast India

Project Introduction The Naga Database
  1. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Laisong artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower young man's ear-plus and feather ornaments notes Laisong Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Buck's ear-plugs and feather ornaments. Worn by young men in full dress. Ngyia = ear-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  2. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower drinking vessel 'trran' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Trran Drinking-vessel for zao-kasang, made from fine bamboo and water-proofed with rubber-tree sap. These are obsolete or ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  3. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower wooden dishes notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hekwok-pi (2) Wooden dishes on legs; one Angami (the mended one), the other a Zemi copy. Keme-ke-kwok, "goat's head plate" Large ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  4. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Zhekhuingba of Laisong private collection Khangnam Laisong 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower wooden models of daos Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 artefacts collected by Ursula Graham Bower wooden models of daos notes Zhekhuingba of Laisong Khangnam Laisong..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  5. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection food taboos notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Tiger & leopard: old men only wild dog: old men only leopard-cat: old men only rats & mice: eaten by none bamboo rat: eaten by men only bats: sometimes toasted & eaten..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  6. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume cane leggings notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Article obsolete or of special interest Cane leggings were formerly worn but have been abandoned (hada = cane leggings; hada moi-ra = wearing cane leggings). A story is ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  7. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume collars of boars' tusks or sections of conch shell, 'mpe' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Mpe Collars of boars' tusks or of sections of conch-shell, called by the above name, used to be worn by the Zemi, but are now..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  8. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume armlets made of wild boars' tusks notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nkia-peo-gim-tha ("Wild boar's tusk armlet") Armlets made of two tushes joined to form a ring are worn, especially by Naga Hills and Manipur State ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  9. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume headdress of hornbill feathers denoting sexual conquests notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Tala-na This headdress of hornbills' feathers may be worn by men of standing and of ability, chiefly in love. A large tail-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  10. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume baldric denoting sexual conquests notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Kalang pung-ra heloma-gu This is the highest token of success in love-affairs that a man can win. As a pre-requisite he must have done some or all of..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  11. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume kilt notes Maruong Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The kilt was formerly assumed much later that it is nowadays (i.e. at the first Hgangi after the boy attains a suitable age) and a young man went naked until the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  12. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection costume hornbill feathers notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hornbill tail-feathers: these cannot be worn by a virgin youth. If one should put on such a feather, even in fun, his hair would all fall out. Next R86330 R86330 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  13. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    Zingkaolang of Maguilong Khutuing of Maguilong private collection Magulong (Maguilong) Paisa (Peisia) 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next costume taboo regarding women's petticoats Graham Bower Ursula Previous 27 costume taboo regarding women's petticoats notes Zingkaolang of Maguilong Khutuing of ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  14. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection 'deo-moni' necklaces notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection When a man buys a new necklace he puts it round the neck of a "lao" (gourd) for a few minutes before putting it on for the first time. Next R86332 R86332 Previous R86330 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  15. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection new house ritual notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Houses When a new house is completed and the family move in, a dog must be put up on the bed for a few seconds before anyone may sleep on it. Next R86333 R86333 Previous ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  16. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection spirits notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection House-spirits All house and the village water-supply have benevolent spirits attached to them. They are very rarely seen, and then only as a floating light. The water-spirit (ta-kwa-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  17. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Khangnam dekachangs notes nzun-ze Zemi Khangnam Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nzun-ze: dekachangs used to, and should, have at least one nzun-ze, a massive sleeping-bench carved from a single gigantic log. Only 2 specimens are ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  18. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection divorce notes Zemi Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection General Divorce is allowed for incompatibility and desertion and adultery on the part of the wife; adultery by the husband is not a cause for divorce unless it amounts to ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  19. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection jhuming notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Cultivation (laws and customs relating to) Jhuming of virgin jungle: the owner of land on which anyone else cuts jhums in virgin jungle must give the cutter a pig as recompense for ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  20. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection gennas sickness genna - 'haraitsak' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Haraitsak (Haraichak) (genna against sickness) Used 1) When a man taken ill outside his village is brought in; 2) When a man has died outside the village ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  21. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hangrum gennas sickness genna - 'hera-na' notes Hangrum 1943-08-01:1943-08-01 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hera-na (Hangrum) (1.8.43) The tingkhupeo proclaims a "na" all the villagers being inside the perimeter, in the evening..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  22. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'hemeo-kezab-ra' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hemeo-kezab-ra If the ground in a field cracks through drought or other causes, this genna must be performed, and also if a log left lying in the jhums sinks ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  23. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'huzam-kia' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Huzam-kia Done for a slip in the jhums. Performed by tingkhupeo. A pig is offered to appease the hera who caused the slip and prevent it causing illness in the family..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  24. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'nei-ku-ra' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nei-ku-ra Performed if a dhan-stalk is found with 10 nodes or joints. Dhan must be carried in by an even number of men. Near village, the field-owner's family meet ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  25. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'ting-teo-go' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Ting-teo-go (Laisong & Hangrum, Asalu use this only to get sun to ripen the harvest. Hangrum did this in the wet spring of '43 with great success, so Laisong ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  26. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'kaleo-da-ge-na' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Another genna to stop rain: kaleo-da-ge-na It is performed by the tingkhupeo in the morning in front of the house of the representative of the village founder's ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  27. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection field gennas 'hazam kia-hera-teora' notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hazam kia-hera-teora Performed if a field house catches fire; intended to recall the rice "which has run away in fear of the fire". Performed in the field,..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  28. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Laisong gennas laxity over gennas notes Laisong 1946-01-24:1946-01-24 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Note: On 24.1.46 Laisong village performed the ceremony hapao-lia-na, making offerings similar to those at Heramui and calling ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  29. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection scented creeper worn as decoration notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Nam-nieng This scented creeper, whose leaves are worn as decoration by the young bucks because of its alleged attraction for the opposite sex, is often hung..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  30. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection gennas personal gennas concerning domestic animals notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Personal gennas If a goat gives birth or a sow farrows, 5 days genna is observed. The house is closed to strangers but not to fellow-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  31. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection hunting rituals notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hunting When a deer has been killed the carcase may not be cut up (though the throat may be cut if the deer is not quite dead) until someone who knows the formula has cut off ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  32. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection dangers of being well-known or famous notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hamui (hamui-hera) The unusually well-known or famous or anyone liable to be talked about is apt to become weighed down or weakened by being mentioned by..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  33. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection luck stones notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hga ("luck stones") The right kind of stone makes a nest for itself of grass, leaves and so on, and sits in it; when a man comes on a stone like this, he knows it is the real ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  34. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection gennas village genna concerning tiger kill notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Tigers If a tiger has taken a mithan or other animal, the owner may ask the tingkhupeo to proclaim a genna. The owner of the animal sits fasting ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  35. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Magulong (Maguilong) Asalu stone monuments notes Magulong (Maguilong) Asalu 1941-11-15:1941-11-15 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Heramleo built by Maguilong men at Asalu Sketch-plan, measurements & photos taken 15.11.41. ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  36. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Hangrum Asalu death and funerals notes Hangrum Asalu Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Death, funerals and associated customs Hangrum village regularly observe a day's abstention from field work on the death of a blind person (1.8...
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  37. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Laisong funeral at Laisong notes Laisong 1942-10-15:1942-10-15 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Funeral seen at Laisong, 15.10.42, 5.30pm. The man died at dawn. Many of the villagers were in the fields, so arrangements were made ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  38. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Asalu death in childbirth; apotia death notes Asalu Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Death in childbirth or through miscarriage is most unfortunate, and those dying so are very liable to become poltergeists or to haunt their ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  39. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Impoi women's grave ornaments notes Impoi 1943-01-01:1943-01-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection They also put up near the grave (as for all men) a pole with carved edges and an affair at the top like nothing so much as Japanese ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  40. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection death during harvest genna notes 1942-10-19:1942-10-19 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection A death while the crops are ripe and the harvest is being gathered entails a day's na called 'neo-sit-na. No fieldwork is done, nor work in ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  41. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection dreams notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection To dream of eating sugar or anything similar means the dreamer will have a cold in the head. To dream of being bitten by a snake or leech means the dreamer will suffer some injury. To ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  42. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Khangnam stones at Khangnam notes Khangnam 1946-01-11:1946-01-11 Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection A newly-erected line of stones near Khangnam, seen about 11.1.46; had two stones with smaller stones in front of them; these ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  43. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection charms and medicines notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Kapeo. For sprains, strains and aches the leaves of this bush, which is grown near most villages, are soaked in hot water and applied not to the spot, as a fomentation (..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  44. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection omens notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The croaking of a certain small frog in a house is a sign that the house will soon be empty and is particularly unlucky if anyone in the house be ill, as it presages death. Vultures ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  45. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection beliefs with regard to animals - barking deer; Kamaileng - myth notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The barking deer's blood and bite are both said to be bad. To account for the latter the following is told: Kamaileng had a ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  46. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection plant lore notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection The wild fig-tree (v. story of Kangiena) is said to be the "priest of the trees". The old men say it is not safe to eat too many of its fruits or to eat them too often, because ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  47. miscellaneous papers, notebooks and letters on Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower, 1937-1947
    1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection proverbs and sayings notes Graham Bower Ursula 1937-01-01:1946-12-31 private collection Thak-ga-mina thakteone paigamina paikivubane. Rice-not-child rice-to-eat wishes cloth-not-child cloth-good- one-wear-wishes The poor man's child has an appetite, the ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  48. miscellaneous notes on the Tangkhuls by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Ukhrul Next burial at Ukhrul notes Tangkhul Ukhrul 1939-02-01:1939-02-31 Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, folder 7 (1) Tangkhul Funeral Ukhrul, Feb: 1939. 1. Old man ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  49. miscellaneous notes on the Tangkhuls by Ursula Graham Bower
    Mosem of Chingjaroi Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Chingjaroi Next 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 notes myth concerning the founding of Chingjaroi Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 myth concerning the founding of Chingjaroi notes Resu Rasu Kadiva Mosem of Chingjaroi Chingjaroi Graham Bower Ursula ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  50. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next founding a village Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 founding a village notes tingkhupeo Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  51. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next fish poisoning Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 fish poisoning notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Fish poisoning ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  52. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next eating hornet grubs Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 eating hornet grubs notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  53. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    Paozeguong of Asalu Haichangnang Namrebuing of Asalu Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 notes Next extinct village of Izeingram; Angami raiding Graham Bower Ursula Previous Angami 29 extinct village of Izeingram; Angami raiding notes Paozeguong of Asalu Haichangnang ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  54. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next gennas Hameo-roa-kappu-hera genna: to protect ripening crops Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 gennas Hameo-roa-kappu-hera genna: to protect ripening crops notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  55. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  56. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  57. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  58. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  59. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  60. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Potpatngi genna: done in September after the early rice has been harvested gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  61. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next gennas Nkamngi genna: performed October-November Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 gennas Nkamngi genna: performed October-November notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  62. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  63. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  64. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  65. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  66. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  67. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  68. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  69. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Nsing-ngi genna: performed in November for very young children gennas notes Graham Bower ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  70. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next gennas Hga-ngi genna: performed late Decomber Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 gennas Hga-ngi genna: performed late Decomber notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  71. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  72. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  73. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  74. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  75. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  76. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  77. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  78. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  79. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  80. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  81. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  82. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  83. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  84. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  85. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 Le-hera genna: a sickness genna for removing evil spirits from the village gennas ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  86. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next divination: by ginger and pulse Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 divination: by ginger and pulse notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  87. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth food taboos during pregnancy Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth food taboos during pregnancy notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  88. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth child-birth Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth child-birth notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Sometimes ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  89. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth the after-birth Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth the after-birth notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge In..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  90. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth baby's first haircut; ear-piercing Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth baby's first haircut; ear-piercing notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  91. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth taboo after giving birth Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth taboo after giving birth notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  92. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth stillbirths or death during infancy Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth stillbirths or death during infancy notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  93. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth personal names Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth personal names notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge The ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  94. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next birth suckling Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 birth suckling notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge When a new-born ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  95. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge marriage and relations between the sexes premarital relations notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge As has been said, girls go to the dekichang some time before the advent of puberty,..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  96. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge marriage and relations between the sexes wives to the dead notes 1946-02-05:1946-02-05 Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge On 5.2.1946 there was a death in the village. When I asked next ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:13
  97. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge marriage and relations between the sexes marriage ceremony notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge As often as not the marriage is arranged by the young man's parents, and in any case ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:12
  98. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next physical characteristics hair Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 physical characteristics hair notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:13
  99. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next physical characteristics eyes Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 physical characteristics eyes notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:13
  100. manuscript notes on the Zemi Nagas by Ursula Graham Bower
    1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Centre for South Asian Studies, Cambridge Betts papers, ring binder 1 notes Next physical characteristics skin Graham Bower Ursula Previous 29 physical characteristics skin notes Graham Bower Ursula 1939-01-01:1946-12-31 Betts papers, ring binder 1 Centre for South Asian ..
    Last modification on 02 Nov 2011 at 16:08:13
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